The Early Image of the Divine Dec 28, 2013 0:07:47 GMT -5
Post by us4-he2-gal2 on Dec 28, 2013 0:07:47 GMT -5
The Early Image of the Divine
In the process of writing a paper on the image of the ruler in early Mesopotamian art (see here), I was forced to also consider the image of the gods in early art. The reason for this is that the image of the god and of the ruler are easily confused in the Uruk through ED I periods: there is little in the lines of formal insignia to distinguish the two in those times. (That some Uruk period seals depict a set of simply horns on a deity is possible, but debatable, and generally not recognized by scholars).
In the following thread I invite all interested to gather and examine all imagery that may improve our discussion of the development of the divine image in Mesopotamia. This is not the same as the development of the religious notion of the divine, as there were gods in the Uruk period and before, and in the ED I period and - the theology clearly predates the development of a consistent technique of signaling the divine in art. For that matter, the divine determinative, the DINGIR, although inconsistently used in the earliest texts, clearly predates the horned crown in art. In many ways this thread would be at home on our archaeological sub-board (here), however posting it here instead was a judgement call.
So to start things off, I will post a chart which was also quite useful to me while writing the recent paper. This chart is a (more or less) complete sequence in the development of the divine horned helmut from it's first appearance in the ED II period, and then in the ED IIIa (see frühdynastisch 1,2,3) into the Akkadian and on through to the Neo-Babylonian. The chart was produced by Boehmer, a German scholar whose categorical approach to iconography was well employed here. The chart is copied from RlA 4, pg 416:
- Now the stage is set for the presentation of new data, anyone have an early image they would like to be analyzed?